Acne vulgaris mainly affects adolescents and it is the most common skin problem in teenagers. It is an inflammation of the skin that occurs when the hair follicles become clogged. Blockage occurs due to an excessive secretion of the skin’s oil glands and to accumulated dead skin cells.
Pimples happen when the androgen hormone stimulates the follicle channel to secrete more creatine and stimulates the milk glands to produce more sebum. Excess creatine causes narrowing or obstruction of the follicle channel, which prevents the passage of sebum and thus causes its accumulation and the occurrence of pus blisters.
Hormonal disturbances during puberty are the main cause of acne. Androgens are hormones that increase during puberty in boys and girls and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum.
There are many different forms of acne including blackheads, whiteheads, swollen nodules and pimples showing as reddish bumps, boil-like swellings or pus-filled bumps.
The aggravation of acne depends on the hormonal changes, creatine and also on the presence of bacteria.
There are two types of Acne:
- Acne Vulgaris which is the most common type.
- Acne Conglobate: a more severe type of acne that comes out as deep vesicles/abscesses that cause scars on the skin.
- Blisters usually appear in areas filled with milk glands such as the face, forehead, chin and cheeks as well as the chest, shoulders and back.
- Blackheads: Blisters that are exposed to the outside air appear as black dots on the skin.
- Whiteheads: Blisters that are not exposed to the outside air appear as white pimples underneath the skin.
- Pustules: Pus blisters that are deep into the layers of the skin in the form of vesicles/ abscesses which can be linked to each other and thus can cause large wounds that cause scars on the skin.
Causes for acne lesions are:
- Increased concentration of the male hormone (Androgens) in both sexes during puberty.
- Some medication that contain testosterone or lithium.
- Oily cosmetics, as well as lotions.
- Bacterial growth and inflammation.
- An increase of oil cell production on the face and the upper torso.
- A disorder in the liver enzymes.
- Stress that increases the secretion of adrenal hormones which eventually affect the activity of sex hormones.
- Exposure to the sun.
- Hereditary. One of the main causes to acne
- Consumption of milk and dairy.
- Some medications such as steroids.
- Exposure to environmental pollutants such as machinery oil, coal, and asphalt.
- Humidity and excessive sweating.
- Over-cleansing of the face and skin.
- Allergy to some food.
- Increased hormonal activity in adolescence, at the time of ovulation, or the time of menstruation.
B-acne (body acne)
The B-acne occurs when breakouts appear on the back and chest.
B-acne is an inflammatory disease is characterized by painful, red papules or pustules.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Deficiency of certain vitamins.
- Bacteria or inflammation.
- Exposure to the sun.
- Non-clean skin.
- Tight as well as coarse clothes.
- Excessive sweating.