Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Anxiety is a normal feeling that almost everyone experience at certain times during their lives. It is a state of discomfort and a sense of helplessness due to an actual or imaginary threat. Many people feel anxious, or nervous when they face a problem at work, before a test, or when they are about to make an important decision. Anxiety disorder, however, is different. It can cause such distress that at times disables the person to run a normal life.

There are 5 types of anxiety:

  1. General anxiety: anxiety and fear of everything related to money, family, health and life matters. This type of anxiety happens regularly on a daily basis.
  2. Anxiety attacks: acute and extreme anxiety as a result of a real or imaginary threat. The frequency and severity of attacks differ from one person to another.
  3. Phobia: anxiety resulting from reactions to external situations such as fear of heights, injections, exams, flights, closed spaces, public speaking, and others.
  4. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Persistent and frequent thoughts that lead to ritualistic acts such as excessive hand washing, a fixed number of times the door should be locked, and many other habits the person does in order to minimize and eliminate the obsessive thoughts.
  5. Post trauma disorder: anxiety as a result of a trauma (sexual abuse, war, physical or mental abuse). This type of anxiety makes the person relive/experience the trauma over and over again through dreams and flashes of thought, and it can last a few months or even for many years after the incident.

Causes for Anxiety and Panic Attacks

  1. Tension and stress.
  2. Hereditary.
  3. Hormonal imbalance or neurological conductors imbalance.
  4. A trauma (sexual abuse, war, physical and mental abuse).
  5. Lack of self-confidence.
  6. The type of personality of the person.
  7. Chronic or dangerous diseases such as cancer.
  8. Education: Raising the child in an over protective manner creates an idea that the world is a dangerous place, also growing in a criticizing environment generates negative thinking and a sense of continuous failure.
  9. The rapid pace of life and the persistence of more achievements can increase the psychological stress and cause anxiety.
  10. Social alienation (being an outsider) or loneliness.
  11. Internal subconscious conflicts.

Symptoms

  1. Feelings of panic, fear, and also restlessness.
  2. Feeling helpless and unable to control.
  3. Tachycardia and palpitations is considered one of the symptoms for anxiety.
  4. Sweating.
  5. Insomnia or sleeping disorders.
  6. Nausea and gastric disorders.
  7. Tightness of chest and Chest pain.
  8. Inability to adapt to the surrounding environment.
  9. Numbness or tingling in the hands and also the feet.
  10. Dizziness.
  11. Shortness of breath.
  12. Tensed muscle.
  13. Mouth dryness.
  14. Enlarged pupils.

Recommended Treatment