Anxiety and Panic Attacks
Anxiety is a normal feeling that almost everyone experience at certain times during their lives. It is a state of discomfort and a sense of helplessness due to an actual or imaginary threat. Many people feel anxious, or nervous when they face a problem at work, before a test, or when they are about to make an important decision. Anxiety disorder, however, is different. It can cause such distress that at times disables the person to run a normal life.
There are 5 types of anxiety:
- General anxiety: anxiety and fear of everything related to money, family, health and life matters. This type of anxiety happens regularly on a daily basis.
- Anxiety attacks: acute and extreme anxiety as a result of a real or imaginary threat. The frequency and severity of attacks differ from one person to another.
- Phobia: anxiety resulting from reactions to external situations such as fear of heights, injections, exams, flights, closed spaces, public speaking, and others.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Persistent and frequent thoughts that lead to ritualistic acts such as excessive hand washing, a fixed number of times the door should be locked, and many other habits the person does in order to minimize and eliminate the obsessive thoughts.
- Post trauma disorder: anxiety as a result of a trauma (sexual abuse, war, physical or mental abuse). This type of anxiety makes the person relive/experience the trauma over and over again through dreams and flashes of thought, and it can last a few months or even for many years after the incident.
Causes for Anxiety and Panic Attacks
- Tension and stress.
- Hormonal imbalance or neurological conductors imbalance.
- A trauma (sexual abuse, war, physical and mental abuse).
- Lack of self-confidence.
- The type of personality of the person.
- Chronic or dangerous diseases such as cancer.
- Education: Raising the child in an over protective manner creates an idea that the world is a dangerous place, also growing in a criticizing environment generates negative thinking and a sense of continuous failure.
- The rapid pace of life and the persistence of more achievements can increase the psychological stress and cause anxiety.
- Social alienation (being an outsider) or loneliness.
- Internal subconscious conflicts.
- Feelings of panic, fear, and also restlessness.
- Feeling helpless and unable to control.
- Tachycardia and palpitations is considered one of the symptoms for anxiety.
- Insomnia or sleeping disorders.
- Nausea and gastric disorders.
- Tightness of chest and Chest pain.
- Inability to adapt to the surrounding environment.
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and also the feet.
- Shortness of breath.
- Tensed muscle.
- Mouth dryness.
- Enlarged pupils.