It is the end of the menstrual cycles marking the end of a woman’s reproductive years. Menopause happens when the ovaries no longer release an egg every month and menstruation stops. It is usually defined when 12 months pass without having menstrual period.
It usually happens after the age of 40 even 50. However, some women might experience early menopause – premature menopause.
Causes for menopause
- Natural decline of reproductive hormones (estrogen and progesterone) due to age until eventually the ovaries stop producing eggs, and a woman has no more periods.
- Premature ovarian failure. When the ovaries prematurely stop releasing eggs at an early age for unknown reasons.
- A hysterectomy that removes the uterus but not the ovaries.
- The conventional treatments for cancer such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
- Genetics factors.
- Immune system disorders or medical procedures can cause premature menopause.
- Heavy nighttime sweats during the night is a common symptom of menopause.
- Mood swings due to the hormonal changes during menopause.
- Exhaustion due to the changes that the body goes through during menopause.
- Hair loss due to a decrease in estrogen level during menopause.
- Women might experience dizzy spells and feel unsteady while walking.
- Gaining weight, as menopause reduces the body’s metabolic rate.
- Aggravation of existing allergies or developing of new, as the hormone imbalance during menopause may affect the immune system. Incidents of hay fever, skin rashes, and asthma often increase during this period due to a decrease in progesterone levels.
- Irregular heartbeat or elevated heart rate as a result of the hormone’s effect on the nervous system.
- Difficulty concentrating and often forgetfulness due to an impaired memory.
- Hot flashes or chills are considered common symptoms for menopause.
- Sleep disorders and insomnia.
- Irregular menstrual periods.
- Vaginal dryness can result from hormone imbalance during menopause.
- Thinning hair and dry skin.