Nasal Congestion – Stuffy Nose
Nasal congestion or a stuffy nose is usually a symptom of another health condition such as sinusitis or a common cold. It is a feeling of stuffed-up in the nose because the membranes that are lining your nasal passage become inflamed and irritated. Therefore, they swollen and start to make more mucus in order to flush out the allergens that causes the irritation. This causes an obstruction to the flow of air in and out of the nose thus, making it hard to breathe.
Causes for Nasal Congestion – Stuffy Nose
- Common colds, flu, and also allergies.
- Chronic sinusitis – sinus infection.
- Hay fever.
- A deviated nasal septum.
- Exposure to chemicals.
- Nasal polyps – a noncancerous or benign tumor in the nasal passages.
- Environmental irritants, allergens or foreign bodies such as tobacco smoke and car exhaust.
- Prolonged use or overuse of some nasal decongestant sprays or drops without a prescription can cause or worsen nasal congestion.
- Pregnancy, usually during the end of the first trimester.
- Chronic medical conditions such as Occupational asthma and Thyroid disorders.
- Enlarged Adenoid.
- An injury or trauma to the nose or the sinuses.
- Viral infections in the respiratoty system may cause nasal congestion.
- Vasomotor rhinitis.
- Dry air may cause or worsen a stuffy nose.
- Certain foods, especially spicy dishes.
- Hormonal changes.
- Certain medications, such as hypotensive drugs, antidepressants, and medications used to treat erectile dysfunction in men.
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
- Runny nose – a discharge of fluids coming out from the nasal passages.
- Sinus pain.
- Swollen nasal tissue.
- Buildup of mucus.
- Headache or facial pain.
- Reduced sense of smell or taste.
- Sleep apnea.