Ulcerative Colitis (Colitis Ulcerosa)
Ulcerative colitis is an autoimmune disease. It is a chronic inflammation that affects the linings of the colon and the intestines. The long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the colon may lead to bleeding from the anus. Mostly the rectum gets inflamed and sometimes the last part of the small intestines.
Unlike Crohn’s disease, the inflammation of ulcerative colitis is confined to the outer mucus membrane and does not extend to the deep lining of the intestines. This difference between the two diseases has a major effect on the essence and the nature of complications of these illnesses.
In Western medicine, they treat ulcerative colitis with medications. These medications relieve the symptoms associated with the disease, but do not cure it; therefore, it remains chronic. Some drugs even have serious side effects so you need to weigh the benefits vs. risks of any treatment.
However, natural remedies can achieve complete healing of ulcerative colitis.
Causes for Ulcerative Colitis:
The main causes for Ulcerative colitis are still not clearly defined yet; however, the causes most probably are the following:
- Malfunction of the immune system: when the immune system tries to fight off bacterial or viral infection of the colon, an abnormal immune response causes the immune system to attack healthy tissue as well.
- Genetic factors: the infection of one family member with ulcerative colitis, increases the incidence in the rest of the family.
- Malnutrition and also eating contaminated food.
- Constant stress or shock.
- Bacterial infection or Parasitic infection.
- The intake of antibiotics.
- Allergy to certain foods.
The symptoms of colitis may appear infrequently; however, non-treatment of the disease could lead to colon cancer.
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are classified according to their severity and place of inflammation.
An inflammation that begins in the rectum and extends to the splenic flexure of colon called the splenic flexure. Symptoms are:
- Diarrhea: a repeated bloody diarrhea is a symptom of Left-sided Colitis. Acute diarrhea can be annoying especially at night.
- Severe pain with acute cramps in left side of the abdomen.
- Rectal bleeding due to the sores in colon.
- Appetite loss.
- Weight loss, since appetite loss may lead to weight loss.
An inflammation that is limited to the rectum, which causes pain in the rectum, constipation, and rectal bleeding.
Pancolitis or Universal Colitis:
This type affects the entire colon. Symptoms are:
- Severe pain and cramps in the abdomen.
- Diarrhea: pancolitis may cause acute diarrhea with bleeding.
- Megacolon: which is one of the major causes of renal inflammation.
- Fever, fatigue and also night sweats.
Is a rare, yet very dangerous form of ulcerative. Symptoms include:
- Acute seizures of severe pain and cramps in the abdomen.
- Complications of megacolon: Perforation of the colon, colon toxicity, or colon explosion. In some cases, the colon is surgically removed.