Multiple Sclerosis Complications: All You Need to Know

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease or a disorder that impacts all body organs and functions. The patient might suffer from all MS symptoms or some of them. Therefore, knowing MS complications and causes will help the patient cope with this disease.

Multiple Sclerosis Complications

Mental Health Complications

MS patients suffer from depression and bipolar emotional disorder. Wherein depression is linked with the changes that occur to brain tissues, and it might be due to isolation and the emotional challenges MS patients go through while coping with the disease. And bipolar emotional disorder is one of the side effects of multiple sclerosis progression, and it can be a side effect of some medications, like corticosteroids.

Corticosteroid-Related Complications

When developing multiple sclerosis, corticosteroids are no longer the first line of defense against the disease.
The complications caused by using short-term oral corticosteroids include the following:

  • Eye pressure.
  • Fluid retention and high blood pressure.
  • Mood, memory, and mental disorders.
  • Weight gain.

Taking corticosteroids for a long time might cause many serious complications and side effects, such as adrenal gland dysfunctions, imbalance in sugar levels, and many others that affect the bones and cause inflammation.

Bladder and Bowel Disorders

The primary effect of MS on the human body is the nerves. Which affect the signals and information sent from the brain to any organ or muscle. Including the bladder muscle and bowel functions.

This leads to several symptoms, including:

As the symptoms show, the damage caused by nerve dysfunction due to lack of the myelin sheath that surrounds the nerves might be an increased bowel movement or a decreased bowel movement. Therefore, doctors advise patients to commit to a diet rich in fiber in order to help relieve constipation.

Vision Disorders

MS patients might have symptoms that indicate damage in the parts responsible for the vision and eye function. And it may occur in the beginning as a first symptom, or in an advanced stage of the disease.

Vision disorders include the following:

  • Blurry vision.
  • Vision loss.
  • Nystagmus.
  • Double vision.

Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)

Venous thromboembolism occurs when a blood clot travels through the blood flow to the vessels. In order to reduce the risk of VTE, focus on holistic care, committing to a healthy diet, and improving movement.

Sensory Problems

MS patients feel numbness and other physical sensations, such as pain, burning, and shortness of breath. Often, these complications disappear on their own. And in case they did not, one can take medications, such as Gabapentin, Duloxetine, Amitriptyline, and Baclofen.

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