Facts You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body cells. Damaging the myelin sheath that surrounds the nerve fiber.
What are the Multiple Sclerosis facts that you should know?
MS is a Chronic Autoimmune Illness
MS is a chronic disease that is spread worldwide. People of all ages can get the disease, but mostly people of ages between 20-40 years old.
Recent studies indicate that the rates of MS increase each year, reaching 1 person out of 500.
Women are more likely to get MS than Men
Women are more susceptible to MS than men, wherein studies show that women with MS are three times more than men with MS. However, Multiple Sclerosis does not affect fertility and childbearing, and does not cause miscarriage.
The progression and symptoms of MS are not definitive. Meaning that the primary symptoms for one person do not have to be in the same pattern for another. It is an unexpected disorder.
The aggravation of MS differs from one person to another as well. It may take 20 to 30 years for MS to escalate for some people, whereas in other cases, it would only take 5 years or less.
The symptoms include numbness, paralysis, vision impairments, balance impairments, and lack of comprehension and focus.
Relapses and Remissions
Multiple Sclerosis is a progressive relapsing disease. If the inflammation that causes the death of the cells that produce myelin is not treated, the disease will keep escalating, and the symptoms will aggravate.
One would go through relapses, in which the symptoms flare up and worsen significantly. To the extent that they may risk one’s life, then followed by a time of recovery, called remission.
It is crucial to stop the inflammation in an early stage in order to maintain the cells that produce myelin. And to maintain the integrity of the nervous system and the brain which is responsible for the functions of all organs.
The direct causes of MS are yet to be discovered. However, most studies indicate having a strong genetic factor. Since 2.5 – 5% of people with MS have a first-degree relative with the same disease.
Impact of Heat
People with MS are advised to stay in a moderate to cool temperature and avoid high heat. Since high temperature may aggravate some of the symptoms. Therefore, we advise people with MS to avoid the following:
- High heat and direct exposure to sun.
- Getting a fever, and raising the body temperature in general, even from exercising.
- Showering in hot water.