References for Epimedium brevicornum- Epim product
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– Chen MD, Kuang AK, Chen JL. [Influence of yang-restoring herb medicines upon metabolism of thyroid hormone in normal rats and a drug administration schedule]. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1989 Feb;9(2):93-5, 70.
– Fang-Fang Yan, Yan Liu, Yun-Fang Liu andYu-Xia Zhao. Herba Epimedii water extract elevates estrogen level and improves lipid metabolism in postmenopausal women. Phytotherapy Research, Volume 22, Issue 9, pages 1224–1228, September 2008.
– Hsueh TY, Wu YT, Lin LC, et al. Herb–drug interaction of Epimedium sagittatum (Sieb. et Zucc.) maxim extract on the pharmacokinetics of sildenafil in rats. Molecules, 2013, 18: 7335-7323.
– Indran IR, Zhang SJ, Zhang ZW, Sun F, Gong Y, Wang X, Li J, Erdelmeier CA, Koch E, Yong EL. Selective estrogen receptor modulator effects of epimedium extracts on breast cancer and uterine growth in nude mice. Planta Med. 2014 Jan;80(1):22-8.
– Lin CC, Ng LT, Hsu FF, et al. Cytotoxic effects of Coptis chinensis and Epimedium sagittatum extracts and their major constituents (berberine, coptisine and icariin) on hepatoma and leukaemia cell growth. Clin Exp.Pharmacol.Physiol 2004;31(1-2):65-69.
– Liu TZ, Chen CY, Yiin SJ, et al. Molecular mechanism of cell cycle blockage of hepatoma SK-Hep-1 cells by Epimedin C through suppression of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and increased expression of CDK inhibitors p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1). Food Chem Toxicol. 2006;44(2):227-235.
– Ma H, He X, Yang Y, et al. The genus Epimedium: an ethnopharmacological and phytochemical review. J Ethnopharmacol. Apr 12 2011;134(3):519-541.
– Metz D, Weston P, Barker D. Case report of vasculitic rash induced by Ginkgo biloba and/or Horny Goat Weed. BMJ Case Rep. 2009.
– Partin JF, Pushkin YR. Tachyarrhythmia and hypomania with horny goat weed. Psychosomatics. 2004.
– Sun Y, Fung KP, Leung PC, et al. Characterization of medicinal Epimedium species by 5S rRNA gene spacer sequencing. Planta Med 2004;70(3):287-288.
– Wong SP, Shen P, Lee L, Li J, Yong EL. Pharmacokinetics of prenylflavonoids and correlations with the dynamics of estrogen action in sera following ingestion of a standardized Epimedium extract. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2009 Sep 8;50(2):216-23.
– Wu H, Lien EJ, and Lien LL. Chemical and pharmacological investigations of Epimedium species: a survey. Prog.Drug Res 2003;60:1-57.
– Yan FF, Liu Y, Liu YF, et al. Herba Epimedii water extract elevates estrogen level and improves lipid metabolism in postmenopausal women. Phytother.Res. 2008;22(9):1224-1228.
– Yang L, Lu D, Guo J, et al. Icariin from Epimedium brevicornum Maxim promotes the biosynthesis of estrogen by aromatase (CYP19). J Ethnopharmacol. Feb 13 2013;145(3):715-721.
– Yap SP, Shen P, Li J, Lee LS, Yong EL. Molecular and pharmacodynamic properties of estrogenic extracts from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Epimedium. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Sep 5;113(2):218-24.
– Ye HY, Lou YJ. Estrogenic effects of two derivatives of icariin on human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Phytomedicine. 2005.
– Yu C, Chai X, Yu L, et al. Identification of novel pregnane X receptor activators from traditional Chinese medicines. J Ethnopharmacol. Jun 14 2011;136(1):137-143.
– Zhao YL, Song HR, Fei JX, et al. The effects of Chinese yam-epimedium mixture on respiratory function and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Tradit Chin Med. 2012;32(2):203-207.